The Scientific Heritage Of Our Motherland
There are a hundred thousand facts which we as Indians can be proud of.
Let us get acquainted with at least a few of them.
It was the Indians who invented the equations and formulae for determining the area, sine, cosine, tangent, etc of the triangle, trapezium, circle, sphere, square, rectangle, quadrilaterals, rhombus, etc., in mathematics.
It was the Indians who invented many of the theorems now known in the name of Gregory, Leibnitz, Lhuiler, Kelvin, and Tycho Brahi (latinized form), (was Danish astronomer and alchemist.).
Our forefathers had at their fingertips the methods connected with the calculation of Geometric progression, Arithmetic progression, simple interest, compound interest, share, permutations and combinations.
They had also accurately determined and fixed orbits of planets, the angle of their inclination, laws of eclipse, latitude, longitude, parallax and real planetary positions.
Our ancient astronomers could, compute the radius of earth, its revolving speed, angle of apogee, perigee, precision equinox, declination, height of atmosphere, time of eclipse, parallax of longitude, etc.
Ancient Indians practiced in their daily lives thousands of years ago fermentation technology, extraction of medicinal constituents from medicinal plants, balanced diet, vegetarianism, diagnosis and cure of diseases including metal diseases.
Indian knowledge on Management principles which integrate body, mind, society, nation are clearly given in Bhismoupadesam, Viduraneethi, Dhoumya. Hitokti,Bhagawat Gita coupled with Chanakya’s ‘Artha Saastra’ and Bhartruhari ‘Subhashitas’. All these are the part of management syllabi in renowned Universities of the developed world.
Our treatises and smritis are also ever-bright value based sources of known social structures. Mother –father – son, husband – wife, teacher – student, king – subject’s relationships are radiant gifts our ancestors had handed down to us.Sanskrit, the mother of all languages is the cornerstone to Indian and foreign languages. Vastusastra has flown overseas to the table for patenting. Modern world has patented in foreign countries many things that are ours. Besides, there are innumerable books on Statecraft, beginning with Chanakya’s Arthasastra and dharma saastras. Indian Arthasastra has become part of the studies in civil services in many countries including Pakistan.
Aryabhata, Lallacharya, Varahamihira, Vateswara, Manjulacharya, Brahmagupta, Puthumana Somayaji, Sangamagrama, Madhavacharya, Paramesawaracharya, Patanjali, Kanada, Charaka, Susruta, Bharadwaja, Apastamba were all great scholars born in this country. Even in modern India C V Raman, J C Bose, P C Ray, Sarabhai, Meghnad Saha FRS (6 October 1893 – 16 February 1956) (Was an Indian astrophysicist best known for his development of the Saha equation, used to describe chemical and physical conditions in stars.) ,…. And many more were all Scientists born here.
Thousands of scientific books including Aryabhateeyam, Bhaskariyam, Leelavathi, Thantrasangraha, Sishyadheevrudhithantram, Aryasiddhantam, Panchasidhantika, Brihatsamhita, Brahmasputasiddhantam, Karanapaddhathi, Charakasamhita, Sushrutasamhita, Ashtangahridayam were all written here.
Ancient Indians could predict the modern science in the orbit of electrons in atoms, in the spinning of nucleus and in the consciousness called “prajnanam” that is the knowledge present inherent in the cells of every living body in this universe. Our forefathers were those who formulated traditions/customs and rituals aimed at the total development of man’s body-mind-family-society-nation, etc., elements with a view to making life on earth heavenly comfortable .
They were the blessed souls who desired to evolve from evil to good (asatho maa sat gamaya), prayed to be led from darkness unto light (thamaso maa jyothir gamaya) and mortality to eternity (mrityorma amritamgamaya), who proclaimed that there shall be no malice to anyone (maa vidvishavahai) and who prayed fervently for the good of the whole world (Lokaa samasthaa sukhino bhavanthu) .
Let us all follow this path of the scientific heritage of our motherland!
-Cheruku Rama Mohan Rao